Forensic serology is the detection, classification and study of various bodily fluids such as blood, semen, fecal matter and perspiration, and their relationship to a crime scene. A forensic serologist may also be involved in DNA analysis and bloodstain pattern analysis. Determination of the type and characteristics of blood, blood testing, bloodstain examination, and preparation of testimony or presentations at trial are […]

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The term forensic science involves forensic (or forensis, in Latin), which means a public discussion or debate. In a more modern context, however, forensic applies to courts or the judicial system. Combine that with science, and forensic science means applying scientific methods and processes to solving crimes. From the 16th century, when medical practitioners began using forensic science to writings in the late 18th century […]

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“Forensic psychology is the application of the science and profession of psychology to questions and issues relating to law and the legal system. The word “forensic” comes from the Latin word “forensis,” meaning “of the forum,” where the law courts of ancient Rome were held. Today forensic refers to the application of scientific principles and […]

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Crime scene photography, also known as forensic photography, is essentially the use of photographic methods and techniques to aid legal investigations. As well as creating a permanent visual record of the crime scene in the state in which it was originally found, forensic photographs will play a huge role throughout the entire investigation. They can […]

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Personal identification is defined as establishing the identity of an individual. The need for personal identification arises in natural mass disasters like earth quakes, tsunamis, landslides, floods etc., and in man-made disasters such as terrorist attacks, bomb blasts, mass murders, and in cases when the body is highly decomposed or dismembered to deliberately conceal the identity of the individual. The need […]

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Pathology is the study of disease and its causes. Forensic pathology involves discovering the cause of death, especially in cases where it is sudden or the police suspect that it has not occurred by natural causes. A forensic pathologist is a medical doctor trained in pathology. Forensic pathology dates back to the 16th century in […]

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Forensic ornithology is a specialised branch of forensic zoology. It involves bird species identification through the examination of feathers, feather fragments and bird skeleton bones that are the end products of aircraft bird strikes, wind turbine bird strikes, power line bird collisions, communication tower bird collisions and tall building bird collisions. Forensic ornithology is also […]

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Forensic  odontology involves the management, examination, evaluation and presentation of dental evidence in criminal or civil proceedings, all in the interest of justice. The forensic  odontologist assists legal authorities by examining dental evidence in different situations. Dental identification assumes a primary role in the identification of remains when postmortem changes, traumatic tissue injury or lack […]

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Forensic nursing is a relatively new specialty within the nursing field that allows medical care and the law to intersect. Forensic nurses may treat patients and individuals involved in crime and sexual assault incidents, as well as assist in evidence collection and death investigations. Victims of violence and abuse require care from a health professional who is trained to treat […]

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Micro evidence/Trace evidence is a broad term meaning any small piece of physical evidence that links a suspect to a crime scene. It’s mostly circumstantial class evidence, but depending upon the expertise and rules of admissibility, it can match individual characteristics. Fingerprints, toolmarks, and bitemarks (all forms of trace evidence), for example, use a points […]

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