The branch of medicine that interprets or establishes the facts in civil or criminal law cases is known as Forensic Medicine or Medical Jurisprudence. Medical jurisprudence or forensic medicine, the application of medical science to legal problems. It is typically involved in cases concerning blood relationship, mental illness, injury, or death resulting from violence. Autopsy […]

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Forensic Linguistics is the application of linguistics to legal issues. That is a starting point, but like all answers it is imperfect and serves only to stimulate more questions. For example, what does ‘the application of linguistics’ mean? When Forensic Linguistics is referred to as an application of linguistics or, more concisely, an applied linguistic […]

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When a perpetrator hides evidence of a crime, it’s commonly called “covering their tracks.” For instance, an individual burglarizes a home and uses a cloth to wipe away any fingerprints before leaving. He thinks he has covered his trail; but he may not realize the impressions his shoes or tires make could also be used […]

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Forensic Entomology is the use of the insects, and their arthropod relatives that inhabit decomposing remains to aid legal investigations.  The broad field of forensic entomology is commonly broken down into three general areas: medicolegal, urban, and stored product pests.The medicolegal section focuses on the criminal component of the legal system and deals with the […]

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Forensic engineering is primarily concerned with the link between engineering at law, whether civil or criminal. The purpose of an investigation will usually be to discover the cause of failure in a particular material, component, product or structure, and determine whether this failure was accidental or intentional. Whilst accidental failures may be the result of […]

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Any type of organism can be identified by examination of DNA sequences unique to that species. Identifying individuals within a species is less precise at this time, although when DNA sequencing technologies progress farther, direct comparison of very large DNA segments, and possibly even whole genomes, will become feasible and practical and will allow precise […]

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Few processes are more important to society than solving crimes, both to protect the public from criminals and to protect the innocent from unjust punishment. Very often, the strength of a prosecution rests on the ability of law enforcement personnel to connect the accused with the victim by matching physical evidence from the crime scene […]

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A forensic botanist studies plant material as it relates to crime scenes. Specifically, forensic botanists use their skills to understand where and when a crime was committed and who committed the crime. Similar to DNA and fingerprinting, plant material is often unique to certain plant species and ecological areas, thereby allowing a forensic botanist to […]

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The current national applications of forensic biometrics mainly focus on the use of the DNA and fingerprint modalities for investigative and identification purposes. Commonly accepted minimum forensic science standards for the collection, processing, use and delivery of forensic data still need to be defined for forensic individualization. Forensic intelligence based on biometric data remains underdeveloped. […]

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Criminalists in the Biology section conduct examinations to locate and identify blood, semen, saliva, hairs and other body fluids on items of physical evidence.  DNA testing is then performed to determine possible sources of the body fluids identified.  To do this, the DNA types obtained from the evidence samples are compared to the DNA types obtained […]

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