The current national applications of forensic biometrics mainly focus on the use of the DNA and fingerprint modalities for investigative and identification purposes. Commonly accepted minimum forensic science standards for the collection, processing, use and delivery of forensic data still need to be defined for forensic individualization. Forensic intelligence based on biometric data remains underdeveloped. For the other modalities of forensic interest like face recognition and the soft modalities, applications only exist in form of fragmented initiatives, mostly local (e.g. face recognition) and sometimes national. A development of new applications using current and new modalities under minimum common and accepted standards is the corner stone for a further cooperation in preventing and combating cross-border crime and terrorism.
Most of the biometric technologies are primarily developed for access control and adapted to the forensic context, with the noticeable exception of DNA-profiling. The development of technologies specifically designed for the forensic biometric applications and modalities of interest is a necessary step for a performance and standardization breakthrough allowing for the implementation of new services and products scalable and interoperable at supra national level. Such a technological development is only possible with relevant forensic biometric data made available in the respect of the privacy and in a structure suitable to the various forensic applications. The transfer of newly developed forensic biometric technologies to industrial partners also requires the delivery of specific evaluation tools and the determination of validation criteria in line with the requirements of the various forensic biometric applications.