Personal identification is defined as establishing the identity of an individual. The need for personal identification arises in natural mass disasters like earth quakes, tsunamis, landslides, floods etc., and in man-made disasters such as terrorist attacks, bomb blasts, mass murders, and in cases when the body is highly decomposed or dismembered to deliberately conceal the identity of the individual. The need to identify the dead is obvious for social and medico-legal purposes. Various techniques of biological anthropology are employed in the process of identifying the individuals from the bones or the body parts. The identification of the dead from the bones/ body parts in a legal setting forms an essential component of forensic anthropology. The foremost task in achieving the personal identification is to establish whether the skeletal remains are human or not. If the remains belong to a human being, then various anthropological techniques can be used to identify the dead. The ‘big fours’ of personal identification are determination of age, sex, stature and ethnicity. These form the features of ‘tentative identification.