A person is able to lie by using his imagination. In the Narco Analysis Test, the subject’s imagination is neutralised by making him semi-conscious. In this state, it becomes difficult for him to lie and his answers would be restricted to facts he is already aware of.

Experts inject the subject with Sodium Pentothal or Sodium Amytal. The dose is dependent on the person’s sex, age, health and physical condition. A wrong dose can result in a person going into a coma, or even death.

The subject is not in a position to speak up on his own but can answer specific but simple questions. The answers are believed to be spontaneous as a semi-conscious person is unable to manipulate the answers.